Short Story Based Language Teaching (SSBLT): A literature-based Language Teaching Method

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Department of English Language, Faculty of Foreign Languages and Literature, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of English Language, Aliabad Katoul Branch, Islamic Azad University, Aliabad Katoul, Iran

Abstract

Notwithstanding the past belief, recently there have been some attempts by scholars who encourage the incorporation of literature in language classes. In other words, literature has been discovered as a valuable and interesting material for improving students’ language ability. There exists a variety of language teaching methods that all receive conspicuous criticisms by scholars- though there are still at work- but there is not yet a language teaching method solely based on literature as the authentic material. The purpose of this paper is two-fold: first, it accentuates the importance and benefits of using literature- short story in particular- in language teaching and second, considering the importance of continuous progress and innovation in language teaching methods on one hand and the advantages of using short stories in language classes, a new language teaching methods as Short Story based Language Teaching (SSBLT) is introduced here. SSBLT is a humanistic literature-based language teaching method that aims to promote the learners` personal, cultural and linguistic awareness.  Its main purpose is to help learners to learn language by enjoying and help them use language for communication through using short stories as the materials in a friendly atmosphere. It is particularly designed to develop communicative competence and critical thinking. In the end, the paper discusses the teaching procedures and advantages of SSBLT. 

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