The Effects of Leadership and Employment in Technical Capabilities of Sport Teams

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 MA Student of Allameh Tabatabai University, Iran

2 MA Student of Azad University of Babolsar, Oloom Tahghighat branch, Iran

3 MA Student of Allameh Tabatabai University, Iran

Abstract

Servant leadership means providing background in which followers can be ready for guidance and effectiveness. In addition to strong literature on servant leadership, this research seeks to analyze the relationship between servant leadership and empowerment in coaches of successful and unsuccessful national sport teams of Islamic Republic of Iran. This research is practical and method of statistical analysis is correlational. The population of this study was 80 persons of the coaches and leaders of successful and unsuccessful national teams of Iran. The statistical population of 66 persons was selected as the sample via random simple sampling with Morgan table. The tool of collecting data in this research was a questionnaire made by the researcher. The content validity of questionnaires of servant leadership and empowerment were confirmed by several professors of sport management of Iran’s universities. The reliability of the tool of this research was reported well by collecting data from 15 people and then analyzing it by SPSS16 software. Test results of the Kolmogorov-Smirnov Data showed that the distribution is not normal, so we used nonparametric tests to analyze the data. The results showed that there is positive and significant relationship between servant leadership and empowerment. From other results of research we can say that the perception of successful and unsuccessful team’s coaches from servant leadership is significantly different. The servant leadership and empowerment components of successful and unsuccessful team’s coaches also did not have the same rank. These results mean that successful coaches might use servant leadership as an effective strategy for influencing followers (or athletes) and maybe servant leadership was a factor in their success. On the other hand, with reference to the relationship between servant leadership and empowerment components we can say that leaders can increase capabilities of their followers by applying servant leadership. This result is particularly more noticeable in unsuccessful coaches. Literature review reveals the need for further research on the area of sport and sport management.

Keywords


Adamson L, 2009. Servant Leadership In A Community College: A Multivariate Analysis Of Employees Perceptions. PhD Thesis. Walden University.

Bryant R.S, 2003. Servant Leadership and Public Managers. A Dissertation presented for the degree Doctor of Philosophy in organizational leadership; Regent university.

Crom M, 1998. The Leader as Servant. Training. 35(7): 6‐10.

Heidary, S., Imani, M., & Mostafavi, S. M. (2017). A Validated and Rapid HPLC Method for Quantification of Human Serum Albumin in Interferon beta-1a Biopharmaceutical Formulation. MedBioTech Journal, 01(01), 29-33. doi:10.22034/mbt.2017.60336

Jamal, M., & Oglu, A. (2018). Review of The Basis for Oncolytic Virotherapy and Development of the Genetically Modified Tumor-Specific Viruses. MedBioTech Journal, 02(03), 95-102. doi:10.22034/mbt.2018.76932

Mehrabifar, A., Mansouri, A., Gholami, K., Ghaeli, P., & Javadi, M. (2017). Investigation of Medication Errors in a Teaching Psychiatric Hospital using Chart Reviews. MedBioTech Journal, 01(02), 60-64. doi:10.22034/MBT.2017.60369

Mehrabifar, A., & Rahmati, M. (2017). Investigation of Anticancer Effects of Dacarbazine Hydrogel in the Injectable Form and its Release. MedBioTech Journal, 01(01), 15-21. doi:10.22034/MBT.2017.60333

Mirzaei, B. (2017). Investigation of Antibacterial Effects of Medicinal Plants on Bacterial Pathogens of Patients. MedBioTech Journal, 01(02), 85-89. doi:10.22034/MBT.2017.60379

Mostafavi, S. M. (2015). 3D Graphene Biocatalysts for Development of Enzymatic Biofuel Cells: A Short Review. Journal of NanoAnalysis, 2(2), 57-62.

Mostafavi, S. M., Bagherzadeh, K., & Amanlou, M. (2017). A new attempt to introduce efficient inhibitors for Caspas-9 according to structure-based Pharmacophore Screening strategy and Molecular Dynamics Simulations. MedBioTech Journal, 01(01), 1-8. doi:10.22034/mbt.2017.60325

Mostafavi, S. M., Eissazadeh, S., & Piryaei, M. (2019). Comparison of Polymer and Ceramic Membrane in the Separation of Proteins in Aqueous Solution Through Liquid Chromatography. Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience, 16(1), 157-164.

Pasha, A., & Oglu, A. (2017). Investigation of Oxidative Effect of Aluminium in Albino Rats. MedBioTech Journal, 01(02), 90-95. doi:10.22034/M

Horsman JH, 2000. Perspectives of Servant Leadership and Spirit in Organization. PhD Thesis, Gonzaga University.

Humphreys JH, 2005. Contextual Implications For Transformational and Servant Leadership. Management Decision. 43(10): 1410-1431.

Irving JA, 2006. Exploring Servant Versus Self Sacrificial Leadership. A research proposal for assessing the commonalities and distinction of two follower oriented leadership theories. Proceedings of the American Society of Business and Behavioral Sciences. 13(1): 1305-1319.

Liden RC, Wayne SJ, Zhao H, Henderson D, 2008. Servant Leadership: Development of Multidimensional Measure and Multi-level Assessment. The Leadership Quarterly. 19: 161-177.

Nair K, 1994. A Higher Standard of Leadership: Lessons from the Life of Gandhi. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

Patterson K, 2003. Servant Leadership: A Theoretical Model. PhD Thesis, Regent university.

Rafiq M, Ahmed PK, 1998. A Contingency Model for Empowering Customer Contact Services Employees. Management Decision. 36(9-10): 686-693.

Ratmawati D, 2007. Managerial Competency and Management Commitment to Employee Empowerment. Procendings of the 13th Asia pacific management conference. Melbourne, Australia.

Robbins TL, Crino MD, Fredendal LD, 2002. An Integrative model Of the Empowerment Process. Human Resource Management Review. 12: 420-442.

Russell RF, 2010. The Role of Values in Servant Leadership. Leadership and Organization Development Journal. 22: 76‐84.

Scarpello VG, Ledvinka J, 2006. Empowerment and Function personnel/human resource management. Boston: PWS-Kent. Publishing Company

Schneider JK, Dowling M, Raghuram S, 2007. Empowerment as a Success Factor in Start-up Companies. Review of Managerial Science. 1(2): 167-184.

Spears LC, 1996. Reflections on Robert k Greenleaf and Servant-leadership. Leadership & Organization Development Journal. 17(7): 33-35.

Stramba L, 2002. Servant Leadership Practices. The Community College Enterprise. 9(2): 103-113.

Thomas KW, Velthouse BA, 1990. Cognitive Elements of Empowerment: An Interpretive Model of Intrinsic Task Motivation. Academy of Management Review. 15: 666-681.

Winston B, 2003. Extending Patterson’s Servant Leadership Model: Explaining How Leaders and Flowers Interact in a Circular Model. Paper presented at the Servant Leadership Research Roundtable, Regent University.