Attachment Style and Alexithymia Correlation among University Students

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

Department of Psychology, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran

Abstract

Certainly Bowlby’s attachment theory is one the most important changes in the contemporary psychology field which highlights the role of early emotional experiences of the child under his/her care person in the emotional and cognitive development of the individual. The current research method is descriptive-correlative. The population of this research is 400 individuals, and based on the Krejcie and Morgan table, the research sample is 196 individuals. For collecting the required data, two questionnaires of adult attachment scale and the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale were used. Results showed that a correlation exists between the components of attachment style and components of alexithymia of the university students. Furthermore, no difference exists between the attachment styles and alexithymia of girl and boy university students. It is concluded that the role of early emotional experiences of the child with its care person has a positive effect on the emotional and cognitive development of a person. 

Keywords


Besharat M, 2005. Standardization of adult attachment scale. Research report, Tehran University.

Besharat M, 2010. Attachment styles and alexithymia. Psychology Researches Period. 12: 3-4.

Bowlby J, 1969. Attachment and Loss: Vol. I. Attachment. New York: Basic Books.

Bowlby J, 1980. Attachment and Loss: Sadness and Depression. New York: Basic Books.

Bretherton I, 1985. Attachment theory: Retrospect and prospect. In: Retherton I, Waters E., (Edn.), Growing points of attachment theory and research.

Hazan C, Shaver PR, 1987. Romantic love conceptualized as an attachment process. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 52(2): 511-524.

Jamal, G., & Rahman, S. (2018). Marker-Analysis of Leaf Resistance Bacterial in Rice. MedBioTech Journal, 02(03), 87-94. doi:10.22034/MBT.2018.76931

Jamal, M., & Oglu, A. (2018). Review of The Basis for Oncolytic Virotherapy and Development of the Genetically Modified Tumor-Specific Viruses. MedBioTech Journal, 02(03), 95-102. doi:10.22034/mbt.2018.76932

Mehrabifar, A., Mansouri, A., Gholami, K., Ghaeli, P., & Javadi, M. (2017). Investigation of Medication Errors in a Teaching Psychiatric Hospital using Chart Reviews. MedBioTech Journal, 01(02), 60-64. doi:10.22034/MBT.2017.60369

Mehrabifar, A., & Rahmati, M. (2017). Investigation of Anticancer Effects of Dacarbazine Hydrogel in the Injectable Form and its Release. MedBioTech Journal, 01(01), 15-21. doi:10.22034/MBT.2017.60333

Mirzaei, B. (2017). Investigation of Antibacterial Effects of Medicinal Plants on Bacterial Pathogens of Patients. MedBioTech Journal, 01(02), 85-89. doi:10.22034/MBT.2017.60379

Mostafavi, S. M. (2015). 3D Graphene Biocatalysts for Development of Enzymatic Biofuel Cells: A Short Review. Journal of NanoAnalysis, 2(2), 57-62.

Mostafavi, S. M., Bagherzadeh, K., & Amanlou, M. (2017). A new attempt to introduce efficient inhibitors for Caspas-9 according to structure-based Pharmacophore Screening strategy and Molecular Dynamics Simulations. MedBioTech Journal, 01(01), 1-8. doi:10.22034/mbt.2017.60325

Mostafavi, S. M., Eissazadeh, S., & Piryaei, M. (2019). Comparison of Polymer and Ceramic Membrane in the Separation of Proteins in Aqueous Solution Through Liquid Chromatography. Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience, 16(1), 157-164.

Muhammad, O., & Lama, R. (2018). The Effect of Diclofenac Sodium on Blood Vessel Formation. MedBioTech Journal, 02(02), 76-81. doi:10.22034/MBT.2018.76927

Pasha, A., & Oglu, A. (2017). Investigation of Oxidative Effect of Aluminium in Albino Rats. MedBioTech Journal, 01(02), 90-95. doi:10.22034/MBT.2017.60380

Samira Eissazadeh, M. P., Mohammad Sadegh Taskhiri, & Mostafavi, S. M. (2019). Improvement of Sensitivity of Antigen-Antibody Detection of Semen Through Gold Nanoparticle. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences, 10(1), 144.

Samira Eissazadeh, S. M. M., Masoumeh Piryaei,, & Taskhiri, M. S. (2019). Application Of Polyaniline Nanostructure Based Biosensor For Glucose And Cholesterol Detection. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences, 10(1), 150.

Tasnim, T., & Farasat, A. (2018). The Bioproduction of Ethanol through Isolation of Some Local Bacteria. MedBioTech Journal, 02(03), 132-135. doi:10.22034/mbt.2018.80815McCarthy J, Richard G, Lambert PM, Naomi PM, 2006. Preventive Resources and Emotion Regulation Expectancies as Mediators between Attachment and College Students' Stress Outcomes. International Journal of Stress Management. 13(2): 1-22.

Rothbard JC, Shaver PR, 1994. Continuity of attachment across the life span. In: Sperling MB, Berman WH., (Edn.), Attachment in Adults: Clinical and Developmental Perspectives. New York, London: Guilford Press.

Simpson JA, Rholes WS, Nelligan JS, 1992. Support seeking and support giving with in couples in an anxiety provoking situation: The Role of attachment styles. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 32(3): 434-446.

Sullivan MJL, Bishop SR, Pivik J, 1995. The pain catastrophizing scale: development and validation. Psychological Assessment. 7(2): 524-532.