The Mental Health of Preschool Children and the Role of Instructors on them

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Educational Foundations, University of Uyo, Nigeria

2 Department of Management, Islamic Azad University Central Branch, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Mental health is the term used for every human who can cope with his own deep-seated issues, can adapt with himself and others, does not get paralyzed by his inevitable internal conflicts, and is not rejected by the society. The aim of this study was to evaluate the mental health of preschool children (first and second year of preschool) in Parand city and the role of instructors on these children. This research is a cross-sectional study. The statistical population of the study consisted of pre-school children who were studying between the years 2016-2017 in Parand city. Samples were selected from public and private schools with a multi-stage cluster sampling. The data was collected through a mental health standard questionnaire of Pediatric Symptom Checklist (psc), which was published as a valid and international test for the screening the social-behavioral disorders of children and adolescents. Questionnaires were completed by parents and teachers in a separate meeting. Afterward, according to the score, the clinical examination was conducted by psychiatrists on cases who showed PSC. Then, the results were analyzed by descriptive statistics and testing.

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