Civil Society Organizations in South Sudan: Journey to State Building and Sustainable Peace

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Development, Peace and Conflict Studies, Kampala International University, Uganda

2 Department of Development, Peace and Conflict Studies, Kampala International University

10.22034/jhi.2021.310423.1038

Abstract

The study examined the political role of Civil Society Organization (CSOs) in peacebuilding in South Sudan. Specifically, the study investigated the political and socio-economic contribution of CSOs in the peacebuilding processes in South Sudan. Descriptive cross-sectional research design was adopted for the study, while three cities - Juba, Aweil and Malakal were selected as study areas and representatives of the three regions of South Sudan. The study population was 620,510, from which a sample size of 399 respondents were determined through Slovene's formula. Data was collected through simple random sampling using questionnaire. Result of data analyses shows that CSOs have made significant positive political and socio-economic contribution towards peacebuilding in South Sudan. On political contribution, they have been involved in lobbying for electoral process reforms, sensitizing the population on conflict de-escalation, organizing dialogue sessions focusing on social cohesion for community members (particularly the youths) and pushing for constitutional review among others. On the socio-economic contribution, the study reveals that CSOs have made significant contribution to both physical and economic reconstruction of South Sudan by reconstructing schools and hospitals and creating jobs. Also, they have been at the forefront of reintegration and resettlement of Internally Displaced Peoples (IDPs), lobbying for reforms in land acquisition process with the goal of improving agricultural production and ensuring food security.

Keywords